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Policy for Geography


Document Purpose

This policy reflects the values, ethos and philosophy of Edge Hill Junior School in relation to the teaching of Geography. It gives a framework within which all governors, staff, children and parents can all work together. It gives guidance on planning, teaching and assessment.


The geography policy is an ongoing working document and as such reflects both the practices that are carried out and those to which the school is striving.


Aims and Objectives

Geography stimulates curiosity and imagination and we aim to develop geographical skills, understanding and knowledge through studying places and themes.


The aims of Geography are:-

  • To develop geographical skills and vocabulary
  • To enable children to develop knowledge and understanding of places in the world
  • To increase children’s knowledge of other cultures and therefore create a respect of other people’s beliefs, attitudes and values.
  • To enable children to learn graphic skills, including how to use, draw and interpret maps
  • To encourage children to care about the environment and to recognize and understand issues concerning the environment and sustainable development
  • To develop a variety of skills, including enquiry, problem solving, ICT and investigation
  • To encourage children to be interested in the world around them including the physical and human features of their surroundings.


Curriculum and School Organisation

The teaching of Geography at Edge Hill Junior School is approached in a flexible way throughout the school within each year group.


The Scheme of Work outlines in more detail how Geography is planned across the whole of the key stage with each year group having areas of work allocated to them in the form of topics.


The topics for each year group are organised in the form of Long Term Plans. These plans are devised and matched against the Programmes of Study. The Geography Subject Leader is responsible for this planning in collaboration with the History Subject Leader. The Medium Term Plans are devised by the subject leader taking into account discussions held with teachers where ideas and views are shared.


Time Allocation

Humanities at Edge Hill Junior School are taught for one session per week in each class. Each term or half term is devoted to either History or Geography, depending on the year group. Children are taught Geography for six out of the twelve terms they are at Edge Hill Junior School.



Planning is used to:-


  • Set clear and achievable objectives
  • Ensure that work is matched to pupil’s abilities, experience and interest.
  • Ensure progression, continuity and subject coverage throughout the school.
  • Ensure a range of teaching strategies and styles are used to enable all children to access the curriculum.


Geography is planned at three levels:-


  • Long Term Plans completed by the Geography Subject Leader. These provide an overview of topics studied.
  • Medium Term Plans completed on a half termly basis by the Geography Subject Leader. These are more detailed plans including objectives, possible activities and resources available.
  • Short Term Plans completed on a weekly basis by each year group. This is more detailed and includes objectives, activities, classroom organisation, differentiation and assessment opportunities.


The long and medium term planning carried out by the Geography Subject Leader ensures continuity and progression within the subject and also ensures there is no duplication or omission.


Planning is monitored and assessed by the Subject Leader. This ensures progression and continuity and that all Programmes of Study and objectives are covered within each topic area. Monitoring provides the opportunity to highlight and extend cross curricular links and ensure the required resources are available.


Class Organisation and Teaching Style

At Edge Hill Junior School individual class teachers are responsible for their own class organisation and teaching style in relation to Geography. At the same time, planning is monitored and reviewed by the staff and Subject Leader to ensure a range of teaching styles are used and to facilitate active learning in accordance with the overall aims and philosophy of the school.


Children are given the opportunity to work as a class, as part of a group and as individuals. The choice of class organisation is determined by the learning objective, the activity, the nature of the topic and the resources being used. This applies to both class based work and fieldwork activities.


Classroom practice in Geography will include opportunities to engage children in well planned tasks which make use of a wide range of resources including the locality.



Children will have opportunity to:-


  • Investigate real places and themes across a widening range of scales.


  • Develop a knowledge and understanding of physical, and environmental geography and the patterns and processes at work in them.


  • Undertake geographical enquiry, applying skills and techniques, collecting and analysing evidence, drawing conclusions and communicating findings in a variety of ways e.g. questionnaires, graphs, tables, databases etc.


  • Use maps and plans at various scales, fieldwork instruments, ICT, photographs and other sources of information to facilitate learning.


Geography provides opportunities for teaching the following cross curricular themes:

  • Environmental education
  • Economic and industrial understanding
  • Health education
  • Careers education
  • PSHE and citizenship


It also lends itself readily to the teaching of the following cross curricular dimensions:

  • Equal opportunities
  • Special educational needs
  • Multicultural education
  • European awareness
  • Global issues
  • Personal and social education


Special Educational Needs; Inclusion; Equal Opportunities;

When planning teachers will modify, as necessary, the National Curriculum programmes of study to provide all pupils with relevant and appropriately challenging work at each key stage, in order to provide a more inclusive curriculum which:

  • Sets suitable learning challenges
  • Responds to pupils diverse learning needs
  • Overcomes potential barriers to learning and assessment for individuals and groups of pupils.


Use of ICT

Children will be provided with opportunities to develop and apply their ICT skills to support their learning in geography. Through the use of CD ROMS and Internet for research and programmes for recording and presenting data, Geography specific ICT skills will also be developed.


LOtC (Geography)

The school is committed to providing positive outdoor experiences and learning outside the classroom so that children can enrich and support their learning through hands on practical experiences. Each year group’s curriculum plan will provide opportunities for visits and visitors as well as activities in the local environment and further afield to support the Geography Curriculum including visits in the local area and Ilam, Dovedale and Termly forest Schools activities support the Geography Curriculum



At Edge Hill Junior School the importance of fieldwork in Geography is appreciated. In order to facilitate this, help and advice will be given to staff on how to ensure fieldwork takes place within the correct guidelines. Risk Assessments will be carried out before Fieldwork out of school grounds is undertaken. Hazards will be identified and control measures put in place. These will be reviewed and updated annually for repeat visits. The school grounds will be used effectively for fieldwork studies where appropriate.


Assessment, Record Keeping and Reporting

The recording of achievements in Geography will be done in a variety of formats. This includes gathering evidence of what individual pupils know, understand and can do in Geography by observing them at work, listening to and discussing with them, and evaluating any work they produce.


Written work will be marked in line with the current school marking policy. Children should be given opportunity to read developmental comments and address any arising issues.


A section about Geography will be completed on the Annual Report to Parents, with opportunity given to comment on both children’s effort and attainment.



Evaluation is carried out in order to enhance the teaching and learning of Geography within our school. It is the responsibility of all staff, both teaching and non-teaching, to monitor and evaluate the curriculum provision made for Geography within the school. This ensures that all pupils have access to the Geography curriculum, make the greatest possible progress and enjoy the learning experience. Detailed evaluation is undertaken by the Geography Subject Leader. As with all evaluation, the Headteacher has overall responsibility for this work.


Evaluation includes a regular review of the content of the Geography curriculum to ensure that National Curriculum requirements are being fulfilled in the best possible way. This involves reviewing the coverage of the Programmes of Study. Monitoring of teachers planning is carried out to ensure plans are actively put into action in the classroom. Pupils progress and performance is evaluated alongside standards achieved in Geography work. Resources are monitored and reviewed which ensures different teaching and learning opportunities. New innovations are also monitored and assessed, and, if appropriate incorporated into Edge Hill Junior School’s Geography Curriculum.


The organisation of the Geography Curriculum and teaching styles undertaken by all staff are regularly evaluated. This is through monitoring of planning, assessing children’s work and observations.


Evaluation is conducted according to the Monitoring and Assessment cycles within the School Development Plan. Thus, the timescale involved in the evaluation may differ from year to year. Evaluation is most likely to be on an annual basis but will also take into account any changes in the National Curriculum for Geography.